Dune Story Explained: Everything You Need To Know

The Greatest Film Never Made Jodorowsky’s Dune (Part Two) Highland Piper
The Greatest Film Never Made Jodorowsky’s Dune (Part Two) Highland Piper from highlandpiper-sc.com

The World of Dune

Dune is set in a distant future where humanity has spread throughout the galaxy, and a feudal society has emerged. The story takes place on the desert planet of Arrakis, also known as Dune, which is the only source of the valuable spice melange. The spice has extraordinary properties, including extending life, enhancing mental abilities, and allowing for space travel.

The Main Characters

Paul Atreides

Paul Atreides is the protagonist of the story. He is the son of Duke Leto Atreides and Lady Jessica, a member of the Bene Gesserit, a powerful sisterhood with heightened abilities. Paul is trained in combat and politics, but his true destiny lies in his ability to see into the future and lead the Fremen, the native people of Arrakis, in a revolution against the corrupt Empire.

Lady Jessica

Lady Jessica is a member of the Bene Gesserit and the mother of Paul. She is fiercely protective of her son and has defied the sisterhood’s orders by bearing him. She helps Paul navigate his visions and plays a crucial role in the Fremen revolution.

Baron Vladimir Harkonnen

Baron Vladimir Harkonnen is the main antagonist of the story. He is the former ruler of Arrakis and seeks to regain control of the planet and the spice trade. He is a ruthless and sadistic leader who will stop at nothing to achieve his goals.

The Fremen

The Fremen are the native people of Arrakis, who live in the desert and have adapted to the harsh environment. They are fiercely independent and have a deep reverence for the planet and the spice. Paul becomes their leader and helps them in their fight against the Empire and the Harkonnens.

The Story

The story begins with the Atreides family taking control of Arrakis from the Harkonnens. Duke Leto Atreides hopes to bring justice and prosperity to the planet, but he soon realizes that he is walking into a trap set by the Emperor and the Harkonnens. The Atreides are betrayed, and Leto is killed, but Paul and Lady Jessica escape into the desert.

Paul and Lady Jessica are taken in by the Fremen, and Paul learns about his destiny as the prophesied messiah who will lead the Fremen in a revolution against the Empire. He undergoes a ritual called the spice agony, which unlocks his full potential and gives him the ability to see into the future.

Paul becomes the leader of the Fremen and trains them in combat tactics. They launch a series of attacks on the Harkonnens and the Empire, eventually taking control of Arrakis and the spice trade. Paul becomes the Emperor and marries Princess Irulan, cementing his rule over the galaxy.

The Themes

Dune explores themes of power, politics, religion, and ecology. It examines the corrupting influence of power and the importance of balance in nature. The story also explores the idea of a messiah figure and the dangers of blindly following a charismatic leader.

The Adaptations

Dune has been adapted into various forms of media, including film, television, and video games. The most well-known adaptation is the 1984 film directed by David Lynch, which received mixed reviews. A new film adaptation directed by Denis Villeneuve is set to be released in 2023, starring Timothée Chalamet as Paul Atreides.


Dune is a complex and engaging story that has captivated audiences for decades. With its rich world-building, compelling characters, and thought-provoking themes, it has become a staple of science fiction. Whether you are a fan of the books or the adaptations, there is something for everyone in the world of Dune.

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